Rønnaug Petterssen

Rønnaug Petterssen was born on October 1, 1901 in Vesterålen in Northern Norway. In the early 1920 Petterssen worked in Svolvær on an island a little further south. Here she met a number of people  who were to become important to her personally, who also helped pave her way to  her path as a doll maker.

Rønnaug Petterssen ca 1950

Rønnaug Petterssen ca 1950

 

By 1929 Petterssen was able to study art  at the  Vereinigte Staatsschule für Freie und Angenwandte Kunst, (State Art Academy) in Berlin Germany and spent a year there, studying drawing and sculpture. In January 1933 she traveled to Spain   and while there she   started making small dolls in a variety of Spanish costumes. She also met her  husband to be, German born painter/photographer Johannes Kunze.

Petterssen opened her doll atelier in late 1934 and after Kunze arrived in Oslo they worked together, he on the technical side, she with the creating of the exquisite little dolls. Kunze photographed all her work and without that we wouldn’t have the extensive photo documentation that exists.

Working ca 1936

Working ca 1936

The workshop flourished from the beginning and Petterssen won many prizes during these years. Her work was exhibited almost immediately after returning to Oslo in 1934. She received increasing recognition and was  invited to exhibit at the World Fair in Paris in 1937 (Norway in Dolls) and in New York in 1939  on behalf of Norway. For the New York exhibit she won first prize. In 1937 she had moulds made and she started making felt faced dolls.The workshop closed during World War II and opened again in 1946. During the 1950 and 1960 along with the phenomenal growth at the workshop she was commissioned for several special projects. At height Petterssen had about 50 home workers working for her, spread out over the breadth and length of Norway. During this time she  made arrangements with two factories   to have a line of dolls made for her in plastics. The production of the felt faced dolls continued as before.

Exhibit in Harstad in ca 1974

Exhibit in Harstad in ca 1974

The 1970 were years of ever increasing recognition and she exhibited widely, both in Norway and abroad, including: across Europe, in Yugoslavia, Poland, Germany, Japan, India and other places, where she won prizes and recognition. In 1973 she was asked to create an exhibit which was titled “Dolls in Folk Costumes from Setesdal to South Varanger”. This exhibit traveled throughout Northern Norway. Not long after,  the Norwegian Folk Museum created a special  exhibit with these dolls and renamed it “Rønnaug Petterssen’s Dolls and the Traditions Surrounding Them”. The exhibit was thereafter acquired by the museum and placed on permanent display along with dolls they  had purchased from her over the years. During her lifetime, hers were the only dolls  sold through the souvenir shop at the Museum, because the Museum deemed them to be of the highest quality.

Romsdal 45cm, ca 1968

Romsdal 45cm, ca 1968

The Norwegian State Department also acquired a collection in the mid 1970. The exhibition opened in New York at Norsk in 1976 as part of the US bicentennial celebration. After the opening the exhibit traveled for a year throughout the US. After years in storage, this collection has been refurbished and is now housed at the MigrationMuseum/Emigrant Museum in Oppestad, Norway.

Rønnaug Petterssen’s  atelier was permanently closed in 1975. She died on December 16, 1979 in Oslo, Norway.

 

 
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